Parts of Speech

()    noun
()    verb
()   adjective
()    abbreviation
()    adverb
()    numeral
()   noun classifier
()    place name
()   conjunction
()   pronoun
(○)    uncategorized
()  noun suffix

Usage Notes

[]   ancient
[]   kanbun

Example Phrases

The examples are based on Jim Breen's EDict, and have the following notation:

The following POS markings are currently used:

adj-i	adjective (keiyoushi)
adj-na	adjectival nouns or quasi-adjectives (keiyodoshi)
adj-no	nouns which may take the genitive case particle 'no'
adj-pn	pre-noun adjectival (rentaishi)
adj-t	'taru' adjective
adj-f	noun or verb acting prenominally (other than the above)
adj	former adjective classification (being removed)
adv	adverb (fukushi)
adv-n	adverbial noun
adv-to	adverb taking the 'to' particle
aux	auxiliary
aux-v	auxiliary verb
aux-adj	auxiliary adjective
conj	conjunction
ctr	counter
exp	Expressions (phrases, clauses, etc.)
id	idiomatic expression
int	interjection (kandoushi)
iv	irregular verb
n	noun (common) (futsuumeishi)
n-adv	adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi)
n-pref	noun, used as a prefix
n-suf	noun, used as a suffix
n-t	noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
num	numeric
pn	pronoun
pref	prefix
prt	particle
suf	suffix
v1	Ichidan verb
v5	Godan verb (not completely classified)
v5aru	Godan verb - -aru special class
v5b	Godan verb with 'bu' ending
v5g	Godan verb with 'gu' ending
v5k	Godan verb with 'ku' ending
v5k-s	Godan verb - iku/yuku special class
v5m	Godan verb with 'mu' ending
v5n	Godan verb with 'nu' ending
v5r	Godan verb with 'ru' ending
v5r-i	Godan verb with 'ru' ending (irregular verb)
v5s	Godan verb with 'su' ending
v5t	Godan verb with 'tsu' ending
v5u	Godan verb with 'u' ending
v5u-s	Godan verb with 'u' ending (special class)
v5uru	Godan verb - uru old class verb (old form of Eru)
v5z	Godan verb with 'zu' ending
vz	Ichidan verb - zuru verb - (alternative form of -jiru verbs)
vi	intransitive verb
vk	kuru verb - special class
vn	irregular nu verb
vs	noun or participle which takes the aux. verb suru
vs-i	suru verb - irregular
vs-s	suru verb - special class
vt	transitive verb

A number of entries are marked with a specific field of application. Current fields and tags are:

Buddh	Buddhist term
MA	martial arts term
comp	computer terminology
food	food term
geom	geometry term
gram	grammatical term
ling	linguistics terminology
math	mathematics
mil	military
physics	physics terminology

Miscellaneous Markings

X	rude or X-rated term
abbr	abbreviation
arch	archaism
ateji	ateji (phonetic) reading
chn	children's language
col	colloquialism
derog	derogatory term
eK	exclusively kanji
ek	exclusively kana
fam	familiar language
fem	female term or language
gikun	gikun (meaning) reading
hon	honorific or respectful (sonkeigo) language
hum	humble (kenjougo) language
iK	word containing irregular kanji usage
id	idiomatic expression
io	irregular okurigana usage
m-sl	manga slang
male	male term or language
male-sl	male slang
ng	neuter gender
oK	word containing out-dated kanji
obs	obsolete term
obsc	obscure term
ok	out-dated or obsolete kana usage
on-mim	onomatopoeic or mimetic word
poet	poetical term
pol	polite (teineigo) language
rare	rare (now replaced by "obsc")
sens	sensitive word
sl	slang
uK	word usually written using kanji alone
uk	word usually written using kana alone
vulg	vulgar expression or word